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Estrogen and Progestin

What causes a hormone imbalance exactly?

  • The hormones estrogen and progesterone counteract and balance each other. When an imbalance occurs menopause symptoms can occur. 
  • Too little estrogen causes hot flashes, breast tenderness, an increased risk of osteoporosis, loss of libido, vaginal dryness, painful intercourse, skin changes (like thinning, drying and wrinkling) due to less collagen production, mood swings, and night sweats. 
  • Too much estrogen on the other hand, is often caused by diet, lifestyle, and environmental factors. Xenohormones in certain foods, for example, can contribute to too much estrogen. Estrogen dominance can also be caused by low progesterone. The human body naturally makes more of the hormone cortisol when it is under stress. Cortisol inhibits the body’s ability to make progesterone. Progesterone regulates levels of estrogen, so there is a hormonal chain reaction that occurs when an individual is experiencing higher amounts of stress.
  • Signs of estrogen dominance include but aren't limited to: anxiety, allergies, breast tenderness, fatigue, headaches, and weight gain.